Session: Neonatal Respiratory Diseases

Neonatal Respiratory Diseases

Description:

Respiratory disease is a common cause of neonatal illness. Prompt investigation to ascertain the underlying diagnosis and appropriate subsequent management is important to improve outcomes. The ability of the newborn infant to adapt to the extra-uterine environment is critical to survival. The diseases are mainly caused by an absence of a slippery material in the lungs called surfactant. This material helps the lungs fill with air and keeps the air sacs from deflating. Surfactant is present when the lungs are fully developed. Arguably none is more critical to survival than the adaption of the lungs. Neonatal respiratory conditions can rise for several reasons: delayed adaptation or maladaptation to extra-uterine life, prevailing illnesses such as surgical or congenital anomalies or from acquired conditions such as pulmonary infections occurring either pre- or post-delivery.

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